Concepto de la Participación de Bolivia en la EXPO Milan 2015

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Theme Statement Application Form for Official Participants

Name of Official Participant: Plurinational State of Bolivia

Date of Participation Notification:

Date of Application (submission): 29 May

Theme of Participation: Quinoa “A future sown thousands of years ago”

Concept and Educational Plan

  1. Focus

Due to population growth and climate change effects, most of the countries are facing difficulties to provide food for its population, in this framework quinoa can contribute to food security especially in those countries where the population has no access to sources of protein or have limited food production.

Show the world the properties of Quinoa as the food of future with extraordinary qualities and also as a gift of the Indigenous people from the past and the present to the world.

Demonstrate that organic production is possible in harmony with nature, resulting in products such as quinoa that can benefit the world and reduce world hunger.

  1. Target

The Plurinational State of Bolivia will participate in the exhibition showing an infrastructure in which they will expose the nutritional value of Quinoa Real as it was listed as the only plant food that has all the essential amino acids and also medicinal properties.

Bolivian aims to promote and show the Quinoa Real as the organic food of the future with exceptional food and nutritional properties that can contribute to world´s food security and hunger reduction. Quinoa Real uses a production system in harmony with nature. It is realized organically by small farmers; in this context of production thousands of families are benefited and will improve their quality of life.

Bolivia wants to use the Expo as a window to publicize its culture, and the worldview of the people belonging to the country. Its participation is intended to show the country’s vision on issues consider important to life itself, such as live in harmony with nature and respect for the rights of Mother Earth.

Bolivia promotes and manages the concept of Mother Earth, which is a dynamic living system made ​​up of an indivisible community of all living systems and living beings that are interrelated, interdependent and complementary, sharing a common destiny. Mother Earth is considered sacred, from the worldviews of nations and indigenous people of

The ancient cultures that lived in Bolivia tried to find production and irrigation technologies that do not affect the nature and not destroy the Mother Earth, in this respect the stand of Bolivia seeks to show the cultural diversity of the country, traditions, forms of cultivation and harvesting forms, it also seeks to show within the education and innovation aspects the agricultural techniques, used by Bolivian Indians in ancient times, through terraces or Takanas and Sukakollos, can be in the present an alternative to a better use of soil and water.

Migrant populations worked in the domestication of plants, as they settled around the Salt Flat of Uyuni (Salar de Uyuni) – flats region, they started cultivating Royal Quinoa. The Royal Quinoa comes from the Salt Region between Salar de Uyuni and Salar de Coipasa. The minerals from both go through earth and enter the plant. For that reason the Royal Quinoa is richer in minerals and nutrients.

There is a legend which tells that before the rise of Tiahuanacota culture there existed civilizations called Chulipa-Urus that inhabited the west regions of the Andes and its buttresses formed by the mountains of Tunupa, Cora Cora (Huatari, Yaretani) and others. The people Chulipa, lived on the shores of Lake “Ninchin” which was abundant on birds, fish and other species, the hunting and fishing of these species fed the inhabitants. Any culture that flourished in that region had the supreme God “Mama Tunupa”.

Suddenly those good times passed and punishment came as prolonged drought. The waters of Lake gradually began to dry until dried complete, making the place in saline fields, which caused famine and desolation.

The people guided by their “yatiris” ( medical practitioners and community healers among the Aymara of Bolivia and Peru) came to perform twilight prayers, asking forgiveness of their potential sins, praying that “Mama Tunupa” Goddess supreme, they lavish one divine salvation. The goddess “Tunupa” heard the pleas and prayers of the people, and with his supreme power decided to send the ñusta “Jiuyra”, a star converted into beautiful maiden, who in obedience appeared in the population, but strangely was not well received much less understood in their preaching.

After wandering for some regions inhabited by the Urus, took course towards the south. The inhabitants, seeing her demonstrated a marked curiosity around her, who said: “I am the Ñusta ‘Jiuyra’, sent by the Goddess “Tunupa” with a heavenly mission to save you from drought, famine, disease and all the evils with which you are being punished for the “Pacha Mama”.

But the disbelief of the people was widespread and continued. A spring day disappeared “Jiuyra” and after a time in the regions and places where she walked, it was sprouting from the arid ground a rare and unknown plant that vegetated producing the admiration of the natives. The women then called it “Jupaja” she is, “Jupagua” (she is “Jiuyra”) having visited the tribes of Chalu, Marquiri, Panturani, Leconza and other villages where now there is quinoa.

Nowadays this place is called Salinas de Garci Mendoza and it is the place where the so called Royal Quinoa comes from. This can also show that the quinoa has a really important meaning for the Bolivian culture, in the past and in the present since it was cultivated thousands of years ago.

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